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Que. Consider the following log sequence of two transactions on a bank account, with initial balance 12000, that transfer 2000 to a mortgage payment and then apply a 5% interest.

1. T1 start
2. T1 B old=12000 new=10000
3. T1 M old=0 new=2000
4. T1 commit
5. T2 start
6. T2 B old=10000 new=10500
7. T2 commit

Suppose the database system crashes just before log record 7 is written. When the system is restarted, which one statement is true of the recovery procedure?
a. We must redo log record 6 to set B to 10500
b. We must undo log record 6 to set B to 10000 and then redo log records 2 and 3
c. We need not redo log records 2 and 3 because transaction T1 has committed
d. We can apply redo and undo operations in arbitrary order because they are idempotent
Answer:We must undo log record 6 to set B to 10000 and then redo log records 2 and 3
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